IRS Form 1065 Overview & Step-by-Step Guide

Farwah Jafri | June 20 2023

What is IRS Form 1065? 

Form 1065 is a tax form used by partnerships in the United States to report their business income, deductions, gains, and losses to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The form is also known as the U.S. Return of Partnership Income.  

– Partnerships are businesses where two or more individuals or entities come together to operate a business. Partnerships are not taxed separately; the partnership’s income is divided among the partners, who report their share of the income on their individual tax returns. However, the partnership must file Form 1065 to report the income and expenses of the partnership.   

– Form 1065 requires detailed information about the partnership, including its name, address, and employer identification number (EIN). The form also requires information about each partner, including their name, address, and taxpayer identification number (TIN).  

– Partnerships must report all income earned during the tax year, including income from the sale of goods or services, rental income, and investment income. The partnership must also report all expenses incurred during the tax year, including employee salaries and wages, rent or lease payments, and purchased supplies and materials.  

Form 1065 also includes a section for reporting gains and losses from the sale of assets, such as equipment or property. Partnerships must report any gains or losses resulting from the sale of assets during the tax year.  

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Who can use Form 1065? 

Form 1065 is a tax form used by partnerships and limited liability companies (LLCs) that are classified as partnerships for tax purposes to report their income, deductions, and profits or losses to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).   

Here are some specific cases in which a partnership or LLC may need to file Form 1065:  

The partnership or LLC has two or more owners

If your business has more than one owner and is not classified as a corporation, you will likely need to file Form 1065. This includes both general partnerships and limited partnerships.  

The partnership or LLC earned income during the tax year 

If your business earned income from any source during the tax year, including rental income or capital gains, you must file Form 1065. You must file a tax return even if the partnership or LLC did not profit.  

The partnership or LLC had expenses during the tax year

If your business had any expenses during the tax year, including salaries, rent, or other business-related costs, you must file Form 1065 to report these expenses.  

The partnership or LLC has foreign partners

If your business has foreign partners, you must file Form 1065 and provide additional information to the IRS about these partners, including their names and addresses.  

Step-by-step guide on how to file Form 1065 

Form 1065, also known as the U.S. Return of Partnership Income, is a tax form used by partnerships to report their income, deductions, gains, losses, and other items to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Here is a step-by-step guide on how to file Form 1065:  

Step 1: Gather Information  

Before you start filling out the form, gather all the necessary information, including the partnership’s income and expenses, the partner’s capital contributions and distributions, and the partnership agreement. You’ll also need the partnership’s tax identification number (TIN).  

Step 2: Download Form 1065  

You can download Form 1065 from the IRS website or request a paper copy by mail. You can also use tax preparation software or hire a tax professional to file the form.  

Step 3: Complete the General Information  

Start by filling out the general information on the first page of the form, including the partnership’s name, address, TIN, and the beginning and ending dates of the tax year.  

Step 4: Complete Schedule B  

Schedule B provides information about the partnership’s capital accounts, including the partners’ contributions, distributions, and share of profits and losses. This schedule is required for all partnerships, even if they don’t have any capital accounts.  

Step 5: Complete Schedule K  

Schedule K reports the partnership’s income, deductions, and credits. This schedule is divided into several parts, including income, deductions, and credits, which are divided into various categories.  

Step 6: Complete Schedule L  

Schedule L is used to provide the partnership’s balance sheet at the end of the tax year. This schedule includes assets, liabilities, and the partners’ capital accounts.  

Step 7: Complete Schedule M-1

Schedule M-1 reconciles the partnership’s book income to the taxable income reported on the tax return. This schedule is used to identify any adjustments or differences between the two amounts.   

Step 8: Complete Schedule M-2

Schedule M-2 reports the partners’ capital accounts and the transactions that affect them. This schedule includes the partners’ contributions, distributions, and share of income and loss.  

Step 9: Review and Submit the Form

Once you have completed all the necessary schedules and reviewed the form for accuracy, you can submit the form to the IRS. You can file the form electronically or by mail.  


In conclusion, the IRS Form 1065 is an important document for partnerships and LLCs that must report their income, deductions, and profits to the IRS. This form provides a comprehensive overview of the partnership’s financial information, and it is important to complete it accurately and on time to avoid penalties and interest charges. By following the step-by-step guide, partnership owners and accountants can ensure that Form 1065 is completed correctly and that all necessary schedules and attachments are included. It is important to remember that tax laws and regulations are constantly changing, and it is always a good idea to consult with a qualified tax professional for guidance and advice. By staying up to date and following best practices, partnerships can avoid potential tax issues and ensure compliance with IRS rules and regulations. 

Also Read: A Guide To IRS Form 720

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Author Bio

Farwah is the Product Owner of Monily. She has an MBA from Alliance Manchester Business School, UK. She is passionate about helping businesses overcome challenges that hamper their growth, which is why she is working at Monily to facilitate entrepreneurs to efficiently manage business finances and stay focused on growth.