Gross Profit Vs. Net Profit

Wajiha Danish | June 6 2023

In finance and business, profit is a vital indicator of a company’s success. When evaluating a company’s financial health, gross profit vs. net profit are two commonly used metrics. While both provide insights into a company’s profitability, their calculation methods and the information they convey differ. In this blog post, we will delve into the concept of net profit, explore its calculation process, and highlight the distinctions between net profit and gross profit. profit. 

Understanding the difference between gross profit vs. net profit is essential for individuals involved in finance, investing, or business operations. This article will dive deep into these concepts, unraveling their meanings, calculations, and significance in evaluating a company’s financial performance. 

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What is Gross Profit?  

To know the differences between gross profit vs. net profit, let’s break down both components individually. Gross profit is a measure that reveals the profitability of a company’s core business operations. It represents the money a business earns after deducting the cost of goods sold (COGS) from its revenue. COGS includes expenses directly associated with producing or procuring goods, such as raw materials, labor, and manufacturing overhead.  

By subtracting COGS from revenue, gross profit provides insights into a company’s ability to generate revenue while covering the costs directly associated with producing or purchasing its products or services. It is an essential metric for assessing the efficiency of a company’s operations and its ability to control production costs.  

What is Net Profit?  

Net profit, also known as the bottom line or net income, represents the residual earnings of a company after deducting all expenses, including operating and non-operating costs, from its total revenue. It reflects the company’s profitability after accounting for all costs associated with its operations, including production, administration, marketing, and taxes.  

How to calculate gross profit?  

Gross profit is calculated by subtracting the cost of goods sold (COGS) from the total revenue. The formula for calculating gross profit is:   

Gross Profit = Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold  

Let’s consider an example to illustrate this calculation:  

Suppose a company sells a product for $10 per unit and has sold 1,000 units in each period. The company’s total revenue would be:  

Total Revenue = Price per Unit * Number of Units Sold  

Total Revenue = $10 * 1,000  

Total Revenue = $10,000  

Let’s assume the company incurred $6,000 in costs directly associated with producing and delivering the 1,000 units. This includes expenses such as raw materials, labor, and manufacturing overhead. This amount represents the cost of goods sold (COGS).  

Using the formula mentioned earlier, we can calculate the gross profit:  

Gross Profit = Total Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold  

Gross Profit = $10,000 – $6,000  

Gross Profit = $4,000  

In this example, the company’s gross profit would be $4,000. This figure represents the amount of money remaining after accounting for the direct costs of producing and delivering the product but before deducting other expenses such as operating costs, taxes, and interest.   

How to Calculate Net Profit?  

To calculate net profit, follow this simple formula:  

Net profit = Total Revenue – Total Expenses  

Let’s consider an example to illustrate the calculation. Suppose a fictional company, XYZ Corp., generated $500,000 in revenue during a particular period. Additionally, it incurred various expenses, such as production costs, administrative expenses, and taxes, totaling $350,000.  

Net profit = $500,000 – $350,000  

Net Profit = $150,000  

Therefore, XYZ Corp. achieved a net profit of $150,000 during that period.  

Differences Between Gross Profit vs. Net Profit:  

Gross vs. net profit are crucial measures of a company’s financial performance, but they focus on different aspects. Here are the key differences between the two:  

1. Calculation Method

Gross profit is calculated by subtracting only the cost of goods sold (COGS) from total revenue. It provides insight into the profitability of a company’s core operations.  

On the other hand, net profit considers all operating and non-operating expenses in addition to COGS. It represents the ultimate profitability of the company after accounting for all costs.  

2. Scope of Coverage

Gross profit offers a more limited perspective, concentrating solely on the direct costs of producing or delivering goods or services. It excludes other expenses such as operating expenses, taxes, interest payments, and non-operating gains or losses.  

Net profit provides a comprehensive view by encompassing all expenses, including operating expenses and taxes, to reveal the company’s overall financial performance and profitability. 

3. Insights into Profitability

The gross profit helps assess the efficiency of a company’s production and pricing strategies. It enables businesses to gauge their ability to cover direct costs and generate profit from their core activities.  

Net profit, the ultimate measure of profitability, reflects the entire company’s financial performance. It considers all costs, including indirect expenses and taxes, providing a clearer picture of the overall health and sustainability of the business.  


Net profit is a fundamental indicator of a company’s financial success, encompassing all expenses and reflecting the ultimate profitability after deducting costs from revenue. Understanding the differences between gross vs. net profit is crucial for assessing a company’s financial performance. Businesses can make informed decisions by analyzing these metrics, evaluating their strategies, and driving sustainable growth. 

Remember, while net profit showcases the bottom line, it is essential to consider other financial ratios, industry benchmarks, and long-term strategies to assess a company’s financial health comprehensively.  

Also Read: The 5 Most Important Profitability Ratios You Need for Your Small Business

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Author Bio

Wajiha is a Brampton-based CPA, CGA, and Controller with 17+ years of experience in the financial services industry. She holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Applied Accounting from Oxford Brookes University and is a Chartered Certified Accountant. Wajiha spearheads Monily as its Director and is a leader who excels in helping teams achieve excellence. She talks about business financial health, innovative accounting, and all things finances.